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Single-cell PCR performed with neurofibroma Schwann cells reveals the presence of both alleles of the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene

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It is commonly held that Schwann cells (SC) are the progenitor cells of benign neurofibromas. To test for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) gene locus, three intragenic polymorphic markers were analyzed after polymerase chain reaction amplification, starting from 98 single SC isolated from primary cultures of neurofibromas of five informative NF1 patients. The patterns obtained did not provide evidence for LOH at the NF1 gene. LOH by nondisjunction, large deletions, or somatic recombination in SC seems not to be the mechanism of generation of neurofibromas.

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Stark, M., Assum, G. & Krone, W. Single-cell PCR performed with neurofibroma Schwann cells reveals the presence of both alleles of the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene. Hum Genet 96, 619–623 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00197423

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  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Internal Medicine
  • Progenitor Cell
  • Metabolic Disease
  • Primary Culture