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Residual structure and constituent proteins of the peripheral framework of the cell nucleus in somatic embryos from Daucus carota L.

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Nuclei were isolated from somatic embryos of carrot (Daucus carota L.) using a buffer system containing non-ionic detergent. To prepare nuclear matrices, the purified membrane-depleted nuclei were digested with DNase I in combination with RNase A, followed by extraction with 1 M NaCl. The DNA residue in the final insoluble fraction was less than 4% of that in isolated nuclei, and most of the residual nuclei retained their sphericity. Electron microscopy revealed that the nuclear matrix was composed of a distinct peripheral layer, an internal matrix structure and some fibrils; residual nucleoli were observed when exogeneous RNase was not incorporated. The proteins extracted from the nuclei and nuclear subfractions were compared by gel electrophoresis, which showed that the residual fraction contained many minor proteins. To identify proteins showing specific localization at the nuclear periphery, we prepared monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against an ion-exchange chromatography fraction extracted from carrot nuclear matrices. Immunofluorescence microscopy with one of the MAbs, CML-1, showed exclusive staining of the nuclear periphery. The MAb recognized several spots showing microheterogeneity, with a narrow range of pI and molecular mass upon immunoblotting. A complete set of these spots was shown to be conserved in nuclear matrices. On the other hand, MAb CML-13 appeared to react with the nuclear interior as well as the periphery, recognizing a 96-kDa polypeptide of the nuclear matrix. These proteins were thus demonstrated to lie at the nuclear periphery, and to constitute the nuclear matrices in carrot. The 96-kDa polypeptide is suggested to be similar to the 92-kDa nuclear protein reported by Beven et al. in carrot (Beven et al., 1991, J. Cell Sci. 98, 293–302).

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monoclonal antibody


nonequilibrium pH gradient electrophoresis


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Correspondence to Kiyoshi Masuda.

Additional information

We wish to thank Ms. Akiko Itoh for excellent technical assistance. This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid (05640738) from the Ministry of Education of Japan.

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Masuda, K., Takahashi, S., Nomura, K. et al. Residual structure and constituent proteins of the peripheral framework of the cell nucleus in somatic embryos from Daucus carota L.. Planta 191, 532–540 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00195755

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Key words

  • Daucus (nuclear structure)
  • Nuclear matrix
  • Nuclear protein
  • Nucleus (structure)
  • Somatic embryo