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Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition does not affect response to exogenous angiotensin II in the forearm of mild-moderate hypertensive patients

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It has been proposed that the supression of endogenous levels of angiotensin II by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition, may result in up-regulation of vascular AT1 receptors.

This study evaluated the effects of orally administered enalapril on angiotensin II induced vasoconstriction in the human forearm of patients with mild-moderate hypertension. Patients received in random order, enalapril (20 mg) or matched placebo daily for 2 weeks. Forearm blood flow response to increasing doses of angiotensin II was measured using venous occlusion plethysmography at the begining of the study and at the end of each 2 week treatment period.

Treatment with enalapril significantly reduced plasma angiotensin II levels and supine blood pressure compared to placebo. The percentage reductions in forearm blood flow in the infused arm, in response to the maximum dose of angiotensin II (50 pmol·min−1) were 53.2% at baseline, 51.4% on placebo and 59.5% on enalapril. The differences were not significantly different.

This study demonstrates that supression of plasma angiotensin II does not enhance the response to exogenous intra-arterial angiotensin II in the human forearm of mild-moderately hypertensive patients.

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Correspondence to D. Lyons.

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Lyons, D., Webster, J. & Benjamin, N. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition does not affect response to exogenous angiotensin II in the forearm of mild-moderate hypertensive patients. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 47, 147–150 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00194964

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Key words

  • Angiotensin II
  • Enalapril
  • Hypertension
  • receptor
  • forearm blood flow