Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Climatic jumps in the flood/drought historical chronology of central China

  • 154 Accesses

  • 22 Citations

Abstract

Statistical series of flood/drought (F/D) grades and F/D variabilities were derived for the flood and drought chronology (2700 bc-1980 AD) of central China. Two types of climatic jumps were analyzed. The moving sign-test, T-test and F-test were applied to detect jump signals. A few wet-to-dry jumps for time-scales from decades to thousand years were compared with relevant climatic changes in other regions of the world. Changes in the annual rainfall due to jumps were estimated. Some F/D-deficient-to-F/D-frequent jumps were also found and their significance is discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Academy of Meteorological Sciences, State Meteorological Administration (1981) Drought/flood maps for the last 500 years. Cartography Press, Beijing

  2. An ZS, Liu TS (1987) Long-term climatic changes in the loessplateau of China. In: The climate of China and global climate. China Ocean Press, Beijing, pp 3–12

  3. Berger WH, Labeyrie LD (1987) Abrupt climatic change. Reidel, Dordrecht, Boston, Lancaster, Tokyo

  4. Charney JG, DeVore JG (1979) Multi-equilibria of the atmosphere and blocking. J Atmos Sci 36:1205–1216

  5. Fu CB, Fletcher J (1988) Large signals of climatic variation over the Asian monsoon region. Adv Atmos Sci 5:389–404

  6. Fu CB, Wang Q (1991) The definition and detection of climatic jump. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica (accepted)

  7. Goossens C, Berger AL (1987) How to recognize an abrupt climatic change? In: Berger WH, Labeyrie LD (eds) Abrupt climatic change. Reidel, Dordrecht, Boston, Lancaster, Tokyo, pp 31–45

  8. Grove JM (1988) The Little Ice Age. Methuen, London, New York

  9. Hunt BG, Gordon HB (1988) The problem of naturally-occurring drought. Clim Dyn 3:35–39

  10. Lorenz EN (1968) Climatic determinism. Meteor Monogr 8: No 3, 1–3

  11. Lorenz EN (1976) Nondeterministic theories of climatic change. Quat Res 6:495–506

  12. Maasch KA (1988) Statistical detection of the mid-Pleistocene transition. Clim Dyn 2:133–143

  13. Morner NA (1984) Climatic changes on a yearly to millennial basis, concluding remarks. In: Climatic changes on a yearly millennial basis. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland, pp 637–651

  14. Petit-Maire N (1987) Climatic evolution on the Sahara in northern Mali during the recent Quaternary. In: The climate of China and global climate. China Ocean Press, Beijing, pp 135–137

  15. Pfister C (1984) The potential of documentary data for the reconstruction of past climates. In: Climatic changes on a yearly to millennial basis. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland, pp 331–337

  16. Saltzman B, Sutera A (1987) The mid-Quaternary transition as the free response of a 3-variable dynamical model. J Atmos Sci 44:236–241

  17. Wang C, Wang SM (1987) Regulation of rainfall in central China during the last 5000 years. Scientia Sinica Series B No 1:104–112

  18. Wang SW (1989) El Nino events from 1470 to 1988. Meteorology 15 No 4:15–20

  19. Wu XD, Lin ZY (1981) Some characteristics of climatic changes during the historical times in Qinghai-Xizhang Plateau. Acta Meteorol Sinica 39:90–96

  20. Yamamoto R, Iwashima T, Sanga NK, Hoshiai M (1986) An analysis of climatic jump. J Meteor Soc Japan Ser. II 64:273–281

  21. Yan ZW (1991) A preliminary analysis of the process of 1960s summer climatic jump. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica (in press)

  22. Yan ZW, Ji JJ, Ye DZ (1990) Northern Hemispheric summer climatic jump during the 1960s, part I rainfall and temperature. Science in China Series B 33:1092–1102

  23. Yan ZW, Ji JJ, Ye DZ (1990a) Northern Hemispheric summer climatic jump during the 1960s, part II sea level pressure and 500 hPa height. Science in China Series B No 8:879–885

  24. Yan ZW, Li ZY, Wang XC (1991) An analysis of climatic jumps of decade- and century-scales in north China during historical times. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica (accepted)

  25. Ye DZ, Yan ZW (1990) Climatic jump analysis. In: Zeng et al. (eds) Climate change dynamics and modelling. China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp 141–153

  26. Yeh TC, Dao SY, Li MT (1959) The abrupt change of circulation over the Northern Hemisphere during June and October. In: Bolin et al. (eds). The atmosphere and the sea in motion. Rockefeller Inst, New York, pp 249–267

  27. Zeng QC, Liang XZ, Zhang MH (1988) Numerical simulation of monsoon and the abrupt changes in the atmospheric circulation. Scientia Atmospherica Sinica Special Issue:22–42

  28. Zheng SZ, Feng LW (1985) Evidences of large climatic instability during the cooler periods in China. Scientia Sinica Series B 28:1038–1044

  29. Zhang DE (1980) Some features of winter temperature changes in south China during the last 500 years. Kexue Tongbao (Science Bulletin) 25:270–272

  30. Zhu KZ (1934) Southeast monsoon and the Chinese rainfall. Acta Geogr Sinica 1: No 1. Also in: Collected works of Zhu. Science Press, Beijing (1979), pp 283–397

  31. Zhu KZ (1972) Preliminary study of the climatic changes in China during the past 5000 years. Acta Archaeologica Sinica No 1. Also in: Collected works of Zhu. Science Press, Beijing (1979), pp 475–498

  32. Zhu KZ (1979) Climatic change in Chinese history. In: Collected works of Zhu. Science Press, Beijing, pp 58–68

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Contribution to Clima Locarno — Past and Present Climate Dynamics; Conference September 1990, Swiss Academy of Sciences — National Climate Program

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zhongwei, Y., Duzheng, Y. & Cun, W. Climatic jumps in the flood/drought historical chronology of central China. Climate Dynamics 6, 153–160 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00193527

Download citation

Keywords

  • Climatic Change
  • Annual Rainfall
  • Statistical Series
  • Jump Signal
  • Climatic Jump