Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Application of hot-wire anemometry in shock-tube flows

  • 194 Accesses

  • 17 Citations


Several techniques associated with the use of hot wire anemometry in compressible turbulence measurements are described and tested in shock tube flows. These techniques include 1. in-situ calibration of the hot-wire probe by firing several shock waves of different strengths in the shock tube; 2. on-line analog frequency compensation or off-line digital compensation of the temperature-wire; 3. simultaneous acquisition of time-dependent flow velocity and temperature of the flow without invoking Morkovin's hypothesis of strong Reynolds analogy. The techniques were tested in two different shock tube facilities, where a grid generated turbulent flow interacting with a moving shock was set up.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Andreopoulos J (1989) Wind tunnel experiments on cooling tower plumes: Part I-In Uniform cross flow. ASME J Heat Transfer 111:941

  2. Antonia RA; Browne LWB; Chambers AJ (1981) Determination of time constants of cold wires. Rev Sci Instrum 52: 1382

  3. Ardonceau PL (1984) The structure of turbulence in a supersonic shock-wave/Boundary-Layer Interaction. AIAA J 52: 1254

  4. Barre S; Dupont P; Arzoumanian E; Dussauge JP; Debieve JF (1993) Some recent developments in constant current hot-wire anemometry of turbulent supersonic flows. ASME FED 167: 199–208. Symposium on thermal anemometry (editors: Stock DE; Sherif SA; Smits AJ; Davidson J)

  5. Batchelor GK; Townsend AA (1949) Proc Roy Soc A 199: 238

  6. Honkan A; Andreopoulos J (1990) Experiments in a shock wave/homogeneous turbulence interaction. AIAA paper 90-1647

  7. Honkan A; Andreopoulos J (1992) Rapid compression of grid generated turbulence by a moving shock wave. Phys Fluids A 4: 2562–2572

  8. Honkan A; Watkins CB; and Andreopoulos J (1993) Experiments of shock wave interactions with free stream turbulence. ASME Engineering Meeting, Washington D.C.

  9. Kovasznay LSG (1950) The hot-wire anemometer in supersonic flow. J Aeron Sci 17: 565–573

  10. LaRue JC; Libby PA (1978) Temperature fluctuations in the plane turbulent wake. Phys Fluids 17: 1956–1967

  11. Lecordier JC; Parantheon P; Petit C (1982) The effect of the thermal prong-wire interaction on the response of a cold wire in gaseous flows. J Fluid Mech 124: 457

  12. Lienhard JH; Heiland KN (1989) An experimental analysis of fluctuating temperature measurements using hot-wires at different overheats. Exp Fluids 7: 265–270

  13. Meyer L (1992) Calibration of a three-wire probe for measurements in non-isothermal flow. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 5: 260–267

  14. Mohamed MS; LaRue JC (1990) The decay of power law in grid generated turbulence. J Fluid Mech 219: 195

  15. Morkovin MV (1956) Fluctuations and hot-wire anemometry in compressible flows. AGARDograph 24

  16. Morkovin MV (1960) Note on assessment of flow disturbances at a blunt body traveling at supersonic speeds owing to flow disturbances in free stream. J Appl Mech 27: 223–229

  17. Sakao F (1973) Constant temperature hot-wires for determining velocity fluctuations in an air flow accompanied by temperature fluctuations. J Physics E: Sci Instr 6: 588–676

  18. Smith DR; Smits AJ (1993) The simultaneous measurements of velocity and temperature fluctuations in the boundary layer of a supersonic flow. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 7: 221

  19. Smits AJ; Muck KC (1987) Experimental study of three shock wave/boundary layer interactions. J Fluid Mech 182: 291–314

  20. Smits AJ; Muck KC; Hayakawa K (1983) Constant temperature anemometer practice in supersonic flows. Part 1. The normal wire. Exp Fluids 2: 23

  21. Stainback PC; Nagabushana KA (1993) Review of hot-wire anemometry techniques and the range of their applicability. ASME FED Vol. 167: 93–134. Symposium on Thermal Anemometry (Editors: Stock DE; Sherif SA; Smits AJ; Davidson J)

  22. Taylor GI (1938) Proc Roy Soc A 164: 476

  23. Trouer JW; Duffy RE (1985) Turbulent measurements in shock-induced flows. AIAA J 23: 1172

  24. Walker DA; Ng WF; Waker MD (1989) Experimental comparison of two hot-wire techniques in supersonic flow. AIAA J 27: 1074

  25. Weir AD; Wood DH; Bradshaw P (1981) Interacting turbulent shear layers in a plane Jet. J Fluid Mech 107: 237

  26. Wyngaard JC (1968) Measurements of small scale turbulence structure with hot-wires. J Phys E: Sci Instr 1: 1105

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to J. Andreopoulos.

Additional information

The financial support provided by National Science Foundation and NASA is greatly acknowledged.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Briassulis, G., Honkan, A., Andreopoulos, J. et al. Application of hot-wire anemometry in shock-tube flows. Experiments in Fluids 19, 29–37 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00192230

Download citation


  • Shock Wave
  • Flow Velocity
  • Shock Tube
  • Tube Flow
  • Simultaneous Acquisition