Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Estimation of appropriate background concentrations for assessing mercury contamination in fish

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Abernathy A R, and Cumbie P M (1977) Mercury accumulation by largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) in recently impounded reservoirs. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 17: 595–602

  2. Bodaly R A, Hecky R E, and Fudge R J P (1984) Increases in fish mercury levels in lakes flooded by the Churchill River Diversion, Northern Manitoba. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 41: 682–691

  3. Bjornberg A, Hakanson L, and Lundbergh K (1988) A theory on the mechanisms regulating the bioavailability of mercury in natural waters. Environ Pollut 49: 53–61

  4. Cox J A, Carnahan J, DiNunzio J, McCoy J, and Meister J (1979) Source of mercury in fish in new impoundments. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 23: 779–783

  5. Feldman C (1974) Perchloric acid procedure for wet ashing organics for the determination of mercury (and other metals). Anal Chem 46: 1606–1609

  6. Hand J, and Friedman M (1990) Mercury, largemouth bass, and water quality: a preliminary report. Rorida Department of Environmental Regulation, Bureau of Surface Water Management. Tallahassee, Florida

  7. Heit M, Schofield C, Driscoll C, and Hodgkiss S (1989) Trace element concentrations in fish from three Adirondack lakes with different pH values. Water Air and Soil Pollut 44: 9–30

  8. Huckabee J W, Feldman C, Talmi Y (1974) Mercury concentrations in fish from the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Analytica Chimica Acta 70: 41–47

  9. Kornegay F C, West D C, Evans R A, Goodpasture S T, Tardiff M F, and Wilson A R (1991) Oak Ridge Reservation environmental report for 1990. ES/ESH-18/V1. U.S. Dept. of Energy Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and K-25 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

  10. Lange T R, Royals H E, and Conner L L. (1993) Influence of water chemistry on mercury concentration in largemouth bass from Florida lakes. Trans Am Fish Soc 122:74–84

  11. Phillips G R, Medvick P A, Skaar D R, and Knight D E (1987) Factors affecting the mobilization, transport, and bioavailability of mercury in reservoirs of the Missouri River Basin. U.S Fish and Wildlife, Fish and Wildlife Technical Report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C.

  12. Rada R G, Findley J E, Wiener J G (1986) Environmental fate of mercury discharged into the upper Wisconsin River. Water Air Soil Pollut. 29:57–76

  13. SAS Institute, Inc. (1985) SAS User's Guide: Statistics, Version 5 Edition. SAS Institute, Inc. Cary, North Carolina

  14. Schmitt C J, and Brumbaugh W G (1990) National contaminant biomonitoring program: concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, selenium, and zinc in U.S. freshwater fish, 1976–1984. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 19: 731–747

  15. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) (1985) Instream contaminant study, task 4: fish sampling and analysis. Report to the U. S. Dept. of Energy, Oak Ridge Operations Office. Tennessee Valley Authority, Office of Natural Resources and Economic Development, Knoxville, Tennessee.

  16. Van Winkle W, Counts R W, Dorsey J G, Elwood J W, Lowe V W, McElhaney R, Schlotzhauer S D, Taylor F G, and Turner R R (1974) Mercury contamination in East Fork Polar Creek and Bear Creek. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. ORNL/TM-8894

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Southworth, G.R., Peterson, M.J., Adams, S.M. et al. Estimation of appropriate background concentrations for assessing mercury contamination in fish. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 53, 211–218 (1994).

Download citation


  • Waste Water
  • Mercury
  • Water Management
  • Water Pollution
  • Background Concentration