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Laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernia

New access, old technique

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Abstract

Large paraesophageal hernias are generally repaired by reduction of the stomach into the abdomen, sac excision, crural closure, and gastropexy or fundoplication. After gaining experience performing laparoscopic repair of sliding hiatal hernias and Nissen fundoplication we combined laparoscopic access with traditional surgical technique in treating patients with complex paraesophageal hernias.

Ten adults, six males and four females, with type III paraesophageal hernias underwent laparoscopic repair between February 1993 and April 1994. The average age of the patients was 60.4 years (range 38–81). Using five ports (three 10 mm and two 5 mm), the stomach was reduced into the abdomen, the hernia sac was resected, and the defect was closed with pledgeted horizontal mattress sutures. In addition, nine patients had a Nissen fundoplication performed and one patient had a diaphragmatic gastropexy.

The procedure was completed laparoscopically in all ten cases and the median operating time was 282 min (range 165–430). Two complications occurred, an intraoperative gastric laceration, and a postoperative mediastinal seroma. All patients were discharged on the 2nd or 3rd postoperative day. Eight of nine patients were asymptomatic at last follow-up (mean 8.9 months postop). One patient has mild dysphagia and heartburn from partial migration of the fundoplication into the chest. One patient died 3 months postoperatively of unrelated causes. Paraesophageal hernia can be reduced and repaired safely with laparoscopic access using standard surgical techniques.

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Correspondence to J. G. Hunter.

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Oddsdottir, M., Franco, A.L., Laycock, W.S. et al. Laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernia. Surg Endosc 9, 164–168 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00191959

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Key words

  • Paraesophageal hernia
  • Nissen fundoplication
  • Sliding hiatal hernia