Caries susceptibility and renal excretion of calcium
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Clearance studies were performed for 2 days in two groups of age-matched young female volunteers: those with low caries prevalence and those with high caries prevalence. Both groups were kept on a low-calcium diet for 1 week and received 0.5 g calcium at the beginning of the second day. In both groups, glomerular filtration rate, urinary flow rate and renal excretions of sodium, calcium, and phosphate were subject to significant circadian variations. In both groups the administration of calcium led to a significant increase in renal excretion of sodium and calcium and a significant decrease in that of phosphate. On the first day, calcium excretion was significantly greater in those with low caries prevalence than in those with high caries prevalence, pointing to altered calcium homeostasis in this group.
Key wordsKidney Calcium Phosphate Sodium Caries
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