- Richard MattaAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology and Neuroscience Program, University of Guelph
- , Elena CholerisAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology and Neuroscience Program, University of Guelph
- , Martin KavaliersAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Western Ontario Email author
The amygdala is an almond-shaped bilateral group of nuclei located anterior to the hippocampus within the medial temporal lobe of the telencephalon. The various nuclei receive inputs from, and have outputs to, diverse brain regions associated with sensory and behavioral/physiological processes. The amygdala is associated with both positive and negative emotion regulation as well as having a role in learning and memory processes.
Located medially within the temporal lobe of the brain (see Fig. 1), the amygdala receives its name from the Greek word for “almond,” which describes its general shape. The amygdala is not an individual region. Rather, it consists of multiple subregions: medial nucleus, central nucleus, lateral nucleus, cortical nucleus, basal nucleus, accessory basal nucleus, and intercalating nuclei (see Fig. 2). Outputs of the amygdala include the prefrontal cortex, polymodal association cortex, ventral str ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
Date: 2016 (Latest)History
- 2016 (Latest)
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
- pp 1-4
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer International Publishing
- Copyright Holder
- Springer International Publishing AG
- Additional Links
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Oakland University
- 2. Oakland University
- Author Affiliations
- 3. Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Program, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
- 4. Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5C2, Canada
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.