Living Reference Work Entry

Daily Routine in Cosmetic Dermatology

Part of the series Clinical Approaches and Procedures in Cosmetic Dermatology pp 1-10

Date: Latest Version

Cleansers

  • Carmelia Matos Santiago ReisAffiliated withHRAN – Department of Dermatology, HUB – University Hospital of Brasília – UnB/DF Email author 
  • , Eugênio Reis-FilhoAffiliated withHRAN – Department of Dermatology, HUB – University Hospital of Brasília – UnB/DF

Abstract

Cleansing the skin is the most important skin care act. Cleansers contain at least one surfactant. Surfactants enable the solubilization of oils, dirt, sebum, and other unwanted substances from the skin, allowing these materials to be washed away. There are four categories of cleansing agents: soaps, synthetic detergents, lipid-free lotions, and prescription antimicrobials. There are four categories of surfactants based on their molecular charge or lack of molecular charge: anionic, cationic, amphoteric (dual charge), and nonionic. The skin needs in each age group are diversified. Adequate skin care is regarded as a major strategy for maintaining the skin barrier, skin integrity, and skin health.

Keywords

Soap Syndet Surfactant Detergents Skin care Cleansers