Alarm Calling Upon Predator Detection
- Laura M. BoltAffiliated withUniversity of Toronto at Mississauga Email author
Alarm calls warn relatives; Anti-predator vocalization; Co-efficient of genetic relatedness (r); Predator attraction; Predator deterrence hypothesis; Proximate behavior; Shared genetic material; Squirrel family Sciuridae; Ultimate behavior
When a predator is seen, animals from various taxa produce alarm vocalizations. In some cases, alarm calling when a predator is nearby drives the predator away, but in other cases, the caller is pursued by the predator. Calling therefore often leads to greater risk to the vocalizer. Some rodents make anti-predator vocalizations despite this greater threat to themselves because doing so may warn their close relatives of a nearby predator. By warning relatives, they are preserving additional copies of their own genes.
Animal species ranging from birds to mammals are well known to produce alarm calls in response to perceived threats, ranging from unknown and potentially harmful stimuli to known predators. Alarm calls vary in ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
Date: 2016 (Latest)History
- 2016 (Latest)
- Alarm Calling Upon Predator Detection
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science
- pp 1-5
- Online ISBN
- Springer International Publishing
- Copyright Holder
- Springer International Publishing Switzerland
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Oakland Univ Dept of Psycholgy
- 2. Department of Psychology, Oakland University
- Laura M. Bolt (4)
- Author Affiliations
- 4. University of Toronto at Mississauga, Mississauga, ON, Canada
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