Altruism Among Nonkin
Nonkin altruism is helping nonrelatives at a cost to one’s lifetime reproductive success. By this definition, a strategy of nonkin altruism cannot evolve and persist. If an “altruistic” trait is adaptive, then “altruists” that pay a cost in the short-term to help a nonrelative must gain a net reproductive benefit in the long-term, in which case the behavior is not altruistic but rather mutually beneficial.
The concept of altruism is of great interest to both psychologists and evolutionary biologists, but it has different meanings in each context, which creates a semantic problem for the field of evolutionary psychology and other social sciences concerned with the evolution of human cooperation ( West et al. 2011). In psychology, altruism often refers to intentions and motivations to help others without regard to one’s own self-interest. In evolutionary biology, however, altruism refers to a behavior that increases the recipient’s ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
Date: 2016 (Latest)History
- 2016 (Latest)
- Altruism Among Nonkin
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science
- pp 1-3
- Online ISBN
- Springer International Publishing
- Copyright Holder
- Springer International Publishing Switzerland
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Oakland Univ Dept of Psycholgy
- 2. Department of Psychology, Oakland University
- Author Affiliations
- 4. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama, Panama
- 5. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
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