Alcohol consumption, as the term is used in clinical and research applications, refers to the act of ingesting – typically orally – a beverage containing ethanol. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is the only type of alcohol that is safe for human consumption. Other types of alcohol, such as isopropyl and methyl alcohol, are toxic and potentially lethal. Alcoholic beverages that are typically consumed may include beer, wine, distilled spirits, and beverages that contain combinations of these or other additives, including malt liquor, fortified wine, liqueur, and cordials. In certain populations, nonbeverage alcohol (e.g., hand sanitizer, vanilla extract, cooking wine) may also be consumed.
Relevance to Behavioral Medicine
Alcohol consumption is an important construct in behavioral medicine because alcohol is a psychoactive substance that affects the body in various ways. In addition to its acute effects, it can have longer-term medical, ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
Date: 2016 (Latest)History
- 2016 (Latest)
- Alcohol Consumption
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine
- pp 1-5
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. University of Miami School of Medicine
- 2. Campbell University School of Pharmacy
- Author Affiliations
- 3. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359911, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA
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