Renewing Pastureland Functions Using Tree Belts
In this scenario we describe the procedures and principles that restoration practitioners (RPs) can put into practice to improve a number of functions and values (e.g., retaining water and improving biodiversity) on farms where woodlands have been cleared for use as pasturelands. To create pastures and grow crops in many regions around the world, woodlands have been extensively cleared. This clearing of woodland trees alters the way landscapes function. (See Ludwig and Tongway 2000, 2002.) Tree clearing can cause runoff and loss of soil even in relatively gently sloping landscapes (figure 10.1). Attempts to avoid such problems by growing pastures for livestock, rather than farming crops, have often failed because closely grazed pastures provide very little resistance to overland flows, especially when rainfall events are intense. Even moderate rainstorm events can wash soil sediments, animal dung, and plant litter from hillslopes into riparian zones and can create further difficulties, such as the clogging of natural drainages.
- Ellis, T. W., S. Leguédois, P. B. Hairsine, and D. J. Tongway. 2006. Capture of overland flow by a tree belt on a pastured hillslope in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research44:117–25. CrossRef
- Leguédois, S., T. W. Ellis, P. B. Hairsine, and D. J. Tongway. 2008. Sediment trapping by a tree belt: Processes and consequences for sediment delivery. Hydrological Processes22:2523-34. CrossRef
- Ludwig, J. A., and D. J. Tongway. 2000. Viewing rangelands as landscape systems. In Rangeland Desertification, ed. O. Arnalds and S. Archer, 39–52. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. CrossRef
- Ludwig, J. A., and D. J. Tongway. 2002. Clearing savannas for use as rangelands in Queensland: Altered landscapes and water-erosion processes. Rangeland Journal24:83–95. CrossRef
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- Ryan, J. G., C. A. McAlpine, and J. A. Ludwig. 2010. Integrated vegetation designs for enhancing water retention and recycling in agroecosystems. Landscape Ecology.Published online: DOI 10.1007/s10980-010-9509-7.
- Tongway, D. J., and J. A. Ludwig. 2005. Heterogeneity in arid and semiarid lands. In Ecosystem function in heterogeneous landscapes, ed. G. M. Lovett, C. G. Jones, M. G. Turner, and K. C. Weathers, 189–205. New York: Springer Science. CrossRef
- Whisenant, S. G. 1990. Repairing damaged wildlands: A process-orientated, landscape-scale approach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
- Renewing Pastureland Functions Using Tree Belts
- Book Title
- Restoring Disturbed Landscapes
- Book Subtitle
- Putting Principles into Practice
- Book Part
- Part III
- pp 107-116
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- The Science and Practice of Ecological Restoration
- Island Press/Center for Resource Economics
- Copyright Holder
- David J. Tongway and John A. Ludwig
- eBook Packages
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