What Can Pictorial Representations Reveal about the Cognitive Characteristics of Autism?
- Maithilee KundaAffiliated withSchool of Interactive Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology
- , Ashok GoelAffiliated withSchool of Interactive Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology
In this paper, we develop a cognitive account of autism centered around a reliance on pictorial representations. This Thinking in Pictures hypothesis shows significant potential for explaining many autistic behaviors. We support this hypothesis with empirical evidence from several independent behavioral and neuroimaging studies of individuals with autism, each of which shows strong bias towards visual representations and activity. We also examine three other cognitive theories of autism—Mindblindness, Weak Central Coherence, and Executive Dysfunction—and show how Thinking in Pictures provides a deeper explanation for several results typically cited in support of these theories.
KeywordsAutism cognition mental imagery visual reasoning visual representation
- What Can Pictorial Representations Reveal about the Cognitive Characteristics of Autism?
- Book Title
- Diagrammatic Representation and Inference
- Book Subtitle
- 5th International Conference, Diagrams 2008, Herrsching, Germany, September 19-21, 2008. Proceedings
- pp 103-117
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Lecture Notes in Computer Science
- Series Volume
- Series ISSN
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Copyright Holder
- Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
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- mental imagery
- visual reasoning
- visual representation
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