, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 347-354

A characterization of subgroup containment in direct products

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Abstract

Using Goursat’s characterization of subgroups in a direct product, a characterization of subgroup containment in such a direct product is given. Applying this along with facts about p-groups we describe a process for obtaining the subgroup lattice of a direct product of p-groups. This process is implemented to portray the subgroup lattice of Q × Q, where Q is the quaternion group of order 8.