Political Behavior

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 621–641

The Influence of President Obama’s, Middle Name on Middle Eastern and U.S. Perceptions

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11109-012-9210-4

Cite this article as:
Waismel-Manor, I. & Stroud, N.J. Polit Behav (2013) 35: 621. doi:10.1007/s11109-012-9210-4


In a series of cross-cultural experiments, we explore whether mentioning President Obama’s middle name facilitates or impedes his delicate position as a peace broker. Our results show that including Obama’s middle name affects perceptions of Obama and his proposals for the Middle East among Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs. We examine whether the use of Obama’s middle name inspires the same reactions in the United States by replicating the study among those who sympathize with Israelis and those who sympathize with Palestinians. Results show that the effect of Obama’s middle name differs in the United States. This study has important implications, not only for the President Obama’s standing in the Arab world and for the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, but also for our understanding of subtle ethnic cues and biases across cultural contexts.


NewsPrimingIsraeli–Palestinian conflictEthnic cuesReactive devaluationObama

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Political SciencesUniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Communication StudiesUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA