Individual Values, Organizational Commitment, and Participation in a Change: Israeli Teachers’ Approach to an Optional Educational Reform
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The purpose of this study was to examine how individual values and organizational commitment are related to teachers’ participation in an optional change program in the Israeli educational system.
Data were obtained from 214 Israeli teachers employed in 25 secular Jewish schools during a time when teachers had the option of joining a reform plan initiated by the government and one of several Israeli teachers’ unions.
The results, using analysis of variance and logistic regression, showed that teachers who joined the reform valued conservation more than those who did not. These teachers also scored higher on normative organizational commitment in comparison to teachers who did not join the reform. The logistic regression showed that organizational commitment had a stronger effect on participation in the reform than individual values.
Little data exists on top-down change processes in organizations. Research on issues such as the one discussed here can help academics better understand such change processes, and can help practitioners and decision makers in planning and implementing large-scale change.
Few studies currently offer data on the relationship between values and commitment, on the one hand, and participation in a top-down change program on the other. Additionally, most studies of attitudes and values have examined them in a stable environment. This study examines how the two concepts are related to participation in change in a turbulent environment and can deepen our understanding of values and commitment.
- Aldrich, J. H., & Nelson, F. D. (1984). Linear probability, logit, and probit models. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications.
- Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1–18.
- Ang, S., Van Dyne, L., & Begley, T. M. (2003). The employment relationships of foreign workers versus local employees: A field study of organizational justice, job satisfaction, performance, and OCB. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 561–583. CrossRef
- Armenakis, A. A., & Bedeian, A. G. (1999). Organizational change: A review of theory and research in the 1990s. Journal of Management, 25, 293–315. CrossRef
- Beer, M., & Nohria, N. (2000). Cracking the code of change. Harvard Business Review, 78(May), 133–141.
- Berings, D., De Fruyt, F., & Bouwen, R. (2004). Work values and personality traits as predictors of enterprising and social vocational interests. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 349–364. CrossRef
- Clugston, M., Howell, J. P., & Dorfman, P. W. (2000). Does cultural socialization predict multiple bases and foci of commitment? Journal of Management, 26, 5–30.
- Cohen, A. (2003). Multiple commitments in the workplace: An integrative approach. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Cohen, A. (2007). An examination of the relationship between commitments and culture among five cultural groups of Israeli teachers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38, 34–49. CrossRef
- Data on the Israeli Education System. Retrieved December 22, 2009, from http://ecowiki.org.il/index.php?title=%D7%A0%D7%AA%D7%95%D7%A0%D7%99%D7%9D_%D7%A2%D7%9C_%D7%9E%D7%A2%D7%A8%D7%9B%D7%AA_%D7%94%D7%97%D7%99%D7%A0%D7%95%D7%9A_%D7%91%D7%99%D7%A9%D7%A8%D7%90%D7%9C.
- Demaris, A. (1992). Logit modeling: Practical applications. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- DeVellis, R. F. (1991). Scale development: Theory and applications. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Education in Israel. (2009). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved September 2, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Israel.
- Elias, S. M. (2009). Employee commitment in times of change: Assessing the importance of attitudes toward organizational change. Journal of Management, 35, 37–55. CrossRef
- Farh, J. L., Hackett, R. D., & Liang, J. (2007). Individual-level cultural values as moderators of perceived organizational support-employee outcomes relationships in China: Comparing the effects of power distance and traditionality. Academy of Management Journal, 50, 715–729. CrossRef
- Fedor, D. B., Caldwell, S., & Herold, D. M. (2006). The effects of organizational changes on employee commitment: A multilevel investigation. Personnel Psychology, 59, 1–29. CrossRef
- Ferlie, E., Ashburner, L., Fitzgerald, L., & Pettigrew, A. M. (1996). The new public management in action. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Fischer, R., & Smith, P. B. (2006). Who cares about justice? The moderating effect of values on the link between organizational justice and work behavior. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55, 541–562. CrossRef
- Fontaine, J. R. J., Poortinga, Y. H., Delbeke, L., & Schwartz, S. H. (2008). Structural equivalence of the values domain across cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, 345–365. CrossRef
- Francesco, A. N., & Chen, Z. X. (2004). Collectivism in action: Its moderating effects on the relationship between organizational commitment and employee performance in China. Group & Organization Management, 29, 425–441. CrossRef
- Gregersen, H. B. (1993). Multiple commitments at work and extra-role behavior during three stages of organizational tenure. Journal of Business Research, 26, 31–47. CrossRef
- Harman, H. (1967). Modern factor analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: International differences in work related values. Beverly Hills: Sage.
- Israel Ministry of Education. (2009). New horizon. Retrieved September 2, 2009, from http://cms.education.gov.il/EducationCMS/Units/Ofek/.
- Israeli Teachers Union (Histadrut Hamorim Be’Israel). (2008). Retrieved December 21, 2009, from http://www.itu.org.il/Index.asp?ArticleID=11210&CategoryID=1406&Page=1.
- Kabanoff, B., Waldersee, R., & Cohen, M. (1995). Espoused values and organizational change themes. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 1075–1104. CrossRef
- Kashti, O. (2008). Teachers refuse to “Ofek Hadash” reform, Ministry of Education ignores. Haaretz online. Retrieved August 31, 2009, from http://www.haaretz.com/hasite/spages/999076.html.
- Kirkman, B. L., & Shapiro, D. L. (2001). The impact of cultural values on job satisfaction and organizational commitment in self-managing work teams: The mediating role of employee resistance. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 557–569. CrossRef
- Kondratuk, T. B., Hausdorf, P. A., Korabik, K., & Rosin, H. M. (2004). Linking career mobility with corporate loyalty: How does job change relate to organizational commitment? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65, 332–349. CrossRef
- Lam, S. K. S., Schaubroeck, J., & Aryee, S. (2002). Relationship between organizational justice and employee work outcomes: A cross-national study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 1–18. CrossRef
- Lau, C., & Woodman, R. W. (1995). Understanding organizational change: A schematic perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 537–554. CrossRef
- Madsen, S. R., Miler, D., & Cameron, R. J. (2005). Readiness for organizational change: Do organizational commitment and social relationships in the workplace make a difference? Human Resource Development Quarterly, 16, 213–233. CrossRef
- Meyer, P. J., & Allen, J. N. (1984). Testing the Side Bet Theory of organizational commitment: Some methodological considerations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 372–378. CrossRef
- Meyer, P. J., & Allen, J. N. (1997). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Meyer, P. J., Allen, J. N., & Smith, C. A. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations: Extension and test of a three-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 538–551. CrossRef
- Meyer, P. J., & Smith, C. A. (2000). HRM Practices and organizational commitment: Test of a mediation model. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 17, 319–331. CrossRef
- Meyer, P. J., Srinivas, E. S., Lal, J. B., & Topolnytsky, L. (2007). Employee commitment and support for an organizational change: Test of the three-component model in two cultures. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 80, 185–212. CrossRef
- Meyer, P. J., Stanley, D. J., Herscovitch, L., & Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: A meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates, and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61, 20–52. CrossRef
- Morita, J. G., Lee, W. T., & Mowday, R. T. (1993). The regression-analog to survival analysis: A selected application to turnover research. Academy of Management Journal, 36, 1430–1464. CrossRef
- Mueller, C. W., & Lawler, E. J. (1999). Commitment to nested organizational units: Some basic principles and preliminary findings. Social Psychology Quarterly, 62, 325–346. CrossRef
- Pearson, C. A. L., & Chong, J. (1997). Contributions of job content and social information on organizational commitment and job satisfaction: An exploration in a Malaysian nursing context. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, 357–374.
- Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879–903. CrossRef
- Podsakoff, P. M., & Organ, D. (1986). Self-reports in organizational research: Problems and prospects. Journal of Management, 12, 531–544. CrossRef
- Sagie, A., & Koslowsky, M. (2000). Participation and empowerment in organizations: Modeling, effectiveness and applications. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Sagie, A., & Weisberg, J. (2001). The transformation in human resource management in Israel. International Journal of Manpower, 22, 226–234. CrossRef
- Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theory and empirical tests in 20 countries. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 25, pp. 1–65). New York: Academic Press.
- Schwartz, S. H. (1996). Value priorities and behavior: Applying a theory of integrated value systems. In C. Seligman, J. M. Olsen, & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), Values: The Ontario symposium (Vol. 8, pp. 1–25). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.
- Schwartz, S. H. (1999). A theory of cultural values and some implications for work. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48, 23–47. CrossRef
- Schwartz, S. H. (2005). Robustness and fruitfulness of a theory on universals in individual human values. In A. Tamayo & J. B. Porto (Eds.), Idem (pp. 56–95).
- Schwartz, S. H., & Bardi, A. (2001). Value hierarchies across cultures: Taking a similarities perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 268–290. CrossRef
- Schwartz, S. H., Melech, G., Lehmann, A., Burgess, S., & Harris, M. (2001). Extending the cross-cultural validity of the theory of basic human values with a different method of measurement. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 519–542. CrossRef
- Schwartz, S. H., & Sagiv, L. (1995). Identifying culture-specifics in the content and structure of values. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 26, 92–116. CrossRef
- Schwartz, S. H., Sagiv, L., & Boehnke, K. (2000). Worries and values. Journal of Personality, 68, 309–346. CrossRef
- Sminia, H., & Nistelrooij, A. V. (2006). Strategic management and organization development: Planned change in a public sector organization. Journal of Change Management, 6(1), 99–113. CrossRef
- Waldersee, R., & Griffiths, A. (2009). Implementing change: Matching implementation methods and change type. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(5), 424–434. CrossRef
- Wasti, S. A. (2003). The influence of cultural values on antecedents of organizational commitment: An individual-level analysis. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 52, 533–554. CrossRef
- Yousef, D. A. (2000). Organizational commitment and job satisfaction as predictors of attitudes toward organizational change in a non-western setting. Personnel Review, 29, 567–592. CrossRef
- Zelikovitz, Y. M. (2009). Union of elementary schools teachers: “Ofek Hadash” reform failed (Hebrew). Ynet. Retrieved August 31, 2009, from http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/1,7340,L-3690306,00.html.
- Individual Values, Organizational Commitment, and Participation in a Change: Israeli Teachers’ Approach to an Optional Educational Reform
Journal of Business and Psychology
Volume 26, Issue 3 , pp 385-396
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Participation in a change
- Organizational commitment
- Individual values
- Industry Sectors