Trio under threat: can we secure the future of rhinos, elephants and tigers in Malaysia?
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Three of Malaysia’s endangered large mammal species are experiencing contrasting futures. Populations of the Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) have dwindled to critically low numbers in Peninsular Malaysia (current estimates need to be revised) and the state of Sabah (less than 40 individuals estimated). In the latter region, a bold intervention involving the translocation of isolated rhinos is being developed to concentrate them into a protected area to improve reproduction success rates. For the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), recently established baselines for Peninsular Malaysia (0.09 elephants/km2 estimated from one site) and Sabah (between 0.56 and 2.15 elephants/km2 estimated from four sites) seem to indicate globally significant populations based on dung count surveys. Similar surveys are required to monitor elephant population trends at these sites and to determine baselines elsewhere. The population status of the Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) in Peninsular Malaysia, however, remains uncertain as only a couple of scientifically defensible camera-trapping surveys (1.66 and 2.59 tigers/100 km2 estimated from two sites) have been conducted to date. As conservation resources are limited, it may be prudent to focus tiger monitoring and protection efforts in priority areas identified by the National Tiger Action Plan for Malaysia. Apart from reviewing the conservation status of rhinos, elephants and tigers and threats facing them, we highlight existing and novel conservation initiatives, policies and frameworks that can help secure the long-term future of these iconic species in Malaysia.
- Trio under threat: can we secure the future of rhinos, elephants and tigers in Malaysia?
Biodiversity and Conservation
Volume 19, Issue 4 , pp 1115-1136
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Endangered species
- Infrastructure development
- Southeast Asia
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)-Malaysia, 49, Jalan SS23/15, 47400, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
- 3. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)-Malaysia, Suite 1-6-W11, 6th Floor, CPS Tower, Centre Point Complex, No. 1 Jalan Centre Point, 88800, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
- 2. Sabah Wildlife Department, 5th Floor, Block B, Wisma Muis, 88100, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia