Article

Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 291-303

Participatory agroforestry development for restoring degraded sloping land in DPR Korea

  • Jianchu XuAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre Email author 
  • , Meine van NoordwijkAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre
  • , Jun HeAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry Centre
  • , Kwang-Ju KimAffiliated withProject Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
  • , Ryong-Song JoAffiliated withProject Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
  • , Kon-Gyu PakAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry CentreCentral Forestry Designing and Technical Institute
  • , Un-Hui KyeAffiliated withProject Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
  • , Jong-Sik KimAffiliated withNorth Hwanghae Provincial Forest Management Board
  • , Kwon-Mu KimAffiliated withInstitute of Economic Forest Plantation, Academy of Forestry Sciences
    • , Yong-Nam SimAffiliated withInstitute of Economic Forest Plantation, Academy of Forestry Sciences
    • , Je-Un PakAffiliated withWonsan University of Agriculture
    • , Ki-Ung SongAffiliated withSariwon Kye Ung Sang University of Agriculture
    • , Yong-Song JongAffiliated withLife Science College, Kim Il Sung University
    • , Kwang-Chol KimAffiliated withInstitute of Geography, National Academy of Sciences
    • , Chol-Jun PangAffiliated withWorld Agroforestry CentreInstitute of Land Use Planning, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
    • , Myong-Hyok HoAffiliated withProject Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection

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Abstract

Participatory approaches in agroforestry combine land, labor, and knowledge, by blending local experience with external expert support for sloping land restoration. We describe and analyze over a decade of bottom-up agroforestry development processes that today are influencing national policies. In the 1990s, after economic upheaval following the collapse of trade with the USSR (Soviet Union) rapid conversion of sloping lands to agriculture, in association with heavy rainfall events, caused widespread erosion and landslides. In response, pilot scale ‘user groups’ obtained rights-to-use, rights-to-harvest and rights-to-plan or access to sloping lands for tree products and food. All three rights were novel in the DPR Korea and jointly contributed to success, together with active research support. Innovations in double-cropping annual food crops together with non-competitive contour strips of valuable fruits (aronia berry: Aronia melanocarpa) and/or high-value timber (larch: Larix leptolepis) emerged as preferred local agroforestry systems. Broad support for agroforestry practices has now emerged within the Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection as well as a number of universities and research centres. Further development will require increased engagement with agricultural and horticultural agencies, while the social dimensions of participatory agroforestry continue to provide rich learning.

Keywords

Aronia Double-cropping Land use rights Larix Restoration