Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 291–303

Participatory agroforestry development for restoring degraded sloping land in DPR Korea

Authors

    • World Agroforestry Centre
  • Meine van Noordwijk
    • World Agroforestry Centre
  • Jun He
    • World Agroforestry Centre
  • Kwang-Ju Kim
    • Project Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
  • Ryong-Song Jo
    • Project Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
  • Kon-Gyu Pak
    • Central Forestry Designing and Technical Institute
  • Un-Hui Kye
    • Project Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
  • Jong-Sik Kim
    • North Hwanghae Provincial Forest Management Board
  • Kwon-Mu Kim
    • Institute of Economic Forest Plantation, Academy of Forestry Sciences
  • Yong-Nam Sim
    • Institute of Economic Forest Plantation, Academy of Forestry Sciences
  • Je-Un Pak
    • Wonsan University of Agriculture
  • Ki-Ung Song
    • Sariwon Kye Ung Sang University of Agriculture
  • Yong-Song Jong
    • Life Science College, Kim Il Sung University
  • Kwang-Chol Kim
    • Institute of Geography, National Academy of Sciences
  • Chol-Jun Pang
    • Institute of Land Use Planning, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
  • Myong-Hyok Ho
    • Project Management and Consulting Service, Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10457-012-9501-0

Cite this article as:
Xu, J., van Noordwijk, M., He, J. et al. Agroforest Syst (2012) 85: 291. doi:10.1007/s10457-012-9501-0

Abstract

Participatory approaches in agroforestry combine land, labor, and knowledge, by blending local experience with external expert support for sloping land restoration. We describe and analyze over a decade of bottom-up agroforestry development processes that today are influencing national policies. In the 1990s, after economic upheaval following the collapse of trade with the USSR (Soviet Union) rapid conversion of sloping lands to agriculture, in association with heavy rainfall events, caused widespread erosion and landslides. In response, pilot scale ‘user groups’ obtained rights-to-use, rights-to-harvest and rights-to-plan or access to sloping lands for tree products and food. All three rights were novel in the DPR Korea and jointly contributed to success, together with active research support. Innovations in double-cropping annual food crops together with non-competitive contour strips of valuable fruits (aronia berry: Aronia melanocarpa) and/or high-value timber (larch: Larix leptolepis) emerged as preferred local agroforestry systems. Broad support for agroforestry practices has now emerged within the Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection as well as a number of universities and research centres. Further development will require increased engagement with agricultural and horticultural agencies, while the social dimensions of participatory agroforestry continue to provide rich learning.

Keywords

Aronia Double-cropping Land use rights Larix Restoration

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012