Obesity Surgery

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 2050–2057

Predictive Performance of the STOP-Bang Score for Identifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Obese Patients

Original Contributions

DOI: 10.1007/s11695-013-1006-z

Cite this article as:
Chung, F., Yang, Y. & Liao, P. OBES SURG (2013) 23: 2050. doi:10.1007/s11695-013-1006-z

Abstract

Background

The loud Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure (STOP)-Body mass index (BMI), Age, Neck circumference, and gender (Bang) questionnaire is a validated screening tool for identifying obstructive sleep apnea in surgical patients. However, the predictive performance of the STOP-Bang score in obese and morbidly obese patients remains unknown.

Methods

Preoperative patients were approached for consent and were screened for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by the STOP questionnaire. Information concerning Bang was collected. Laboratory or portable polysomnography were performed in 667 patients. Patients with BMI of ≥30 kg/m2 were defined as obese patients and ≥35 kg/m2 as morbidly obese. The predictive parameters (sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values) for the STOP-Bang score in obese and morbidly obese patients were analyzed.

Results

In 310 obese patients, a STOP-Bang score of 3 has high sensitivity of 90 % and high positive predictive value of 85 % for identifying obese patient with OSA. A STOP-Bang score of 4 had high sensitivity (87.5 %) and high negative predictive value (90.5 %) for identifying severe OSA, whereas a STOP-Bang score of 6 had high specificity (85.2 %) to identify severe OSA. The diagnostic odds ratio of a STOP-Bang score of 4 was 4.9 for identifying severe OSA. In 140 morbidly obese patients, a STOP-Bang score of 4 had high sensitivity (89.5 %) for identifying severe OSA.

Conclusions

The STOP-Bang score was validated in the obese and morbidly obese surgical patients. For identifying severe OSA, a STOP-Bang score of 4 has high sensitivity of 88 %. For confirming severe OSA, a score of 6 is more specific.

Keywords

STOP-Bang questionnaires Obstructive sleep apnea Morbid obesity Surgery Sleep apnea screening Anesthesia 

Abbreviation

OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea

AHI

Apnea–Hypopnea Index

PSG

Polysomnography

BMI

Body mass index

PPV

Positive predictive value

NPV

Negative predictive value

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health NetworkUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada