Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 817–824

Use of a Web-based Risk Appraisal Tool for Assessing Family History and Lifestyle Factors in Primary Care

  • Heather J. Baer
  • Louise I. Schneider
  • Graham A. Colditz
  • Hank Dart
  • Analisa Andry
  • Deborah H. Williams
  • E. John Orav
  • Jennifer S. Haas
  • George Getty
  • Elizabeth Whittemore
  • David W. Bates
Original Reserach

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-013-2338-z

Cite this article as:
Baer, H.J., Schneider, L.I., Colditz, G.A. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2013) 28: 817. doi:10.1007/s11606-013-2338-z

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Primary care clinicians can play an important role in identifying individuals at increased risk of cancer, but often do not obtain detailed information on family history or lifestyle factors from their patients.

OBJECTIVE

We evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of using a web-based risk appraisal tool in the primary care setting.

DESIGN

Five primary care practices within an academic care network were assigned to the intervention or control group.

PARTICIPANTS

We included 15,495 patients who had a new patient visit or annual exam during an 8-month period in 2010–2011.

INTERVENTION

Intervention patients were asked to complete a web-based risk appraisal tool on a laptop computer immediately before their visit. Information on family history of cancer was sent to their electronic health record (EHR) for clinicians to view; if accepted, it populated coded fields and could trigger clinician reminders about colon and breast cancer screening.

MAIN MEASURES

The main outcome measure was new documentation of a positive family history of cancer in coded EHR fields. Secondary outcomes included clinician reminders about screening and discussion of family history, lifestyle factors, and screening.

KEY RESULTS

Among eligible intervention patients, 2.0 % had new information on family history of cancer entered in the EHR within 30 days after the visit, compared to 0.6 % of eligible control patients (adjusted odds ratio = 4.3, p = 0.03). There were no significant differences in the percent of patients who received moderate or high risk reminders for colon or breast cancer screening.

CONCLUSIONS

Use of this tool was associated with increased documentation of family history of cancer in the EHR, although the percentage of patients with new family history information was low in both groups. Further research is needed to determine how risk appraisal tools can be integrated with workflow and how they affect screening and health behaviors.

KEY WORDS

risk appraisalfamily historycancerprimary care

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather J. Baer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Louise I. Schneider
    • 1
    • 2
  • Graham A. Colditz
    • 4
  • Hank Dart
    • 4
  • Analisa Andry
    • 1
  • Deborah H. Williams
    • 1
  • E. John Orav
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Jennifer S. Haas
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
  • George Getty
    • 7
  • Elizabeth Whittemore
    • 1
  • David W. Bates
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary CareBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  4. 4.Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center and Department of SurgeryWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA
  5. 5.Department of BiostatisticsHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  7. 7.Partners HealthCareBostonUSA
  8. 8.Department of Health Policy and ManagementHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA