A Dissenting Opinion on DSM-5 Pedophilic Disorder
- Ray Blanchard
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
On December 1, 2012, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) announced that its Board of Trustees (BOT) had voted to reject the changes to the diagnostic criteria for pedophilic disorder proposed by the Paraphilias Subworkgroup for DSM-5 and to retain the diagnostic criteria published in DSM-IV-TR.
DSM-IV-TR lists three diagnostic criteria for pedophilia. The one relevant to this Letter is Criterion A, which describes the nature of the paraphilia: “Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child or children (generally age 13 years or younger)” (American Psychiatric Association, 2000, p. 572).I was the Chair of the Paraphilias Subworkgroup (one of three Subworkgroups of the Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Workgroup). I am writing this Letter to document my continued personal opposition to this decision, to review the content of the Subworkgroup’s proposed changes an
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
- Beier, K. M., Amelung, T., Kuhle, L., Grundmann, D., Scherner, G., & Neutze, J. (2013). Hebephilie als sexuelle Störung [Hebephilia as a sexual disorder]. Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, 81, 128–137. CrossRef
- Biro, F. M., Galvez, M. P., Greenspan, L. C., Succop, P. A., Vangeepuram, N., Pinney, S. M.,…Wolff, M. S. (2010). Pubertal assessment method and baseline characteristics in a mixed longitudinal study of girls. Pediatrics, 126, e583–e590. CrossRef
- Blanchard, R. (2010a). The DSM diagnostic criteria for Pedophilia. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 304–316. CrossRef
- Blanchard, R. (2010b). The fertility of hebephiles and the adaptationist argument against including hebephilia in DSM-5 [Letter to the Editor]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 817–818. CrossRef
- Blanchard, R. (2012). [Letter to the Editor]. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 40, 157–158.
- Blanchard, R., Lykins, A. D., Wherrett, D., Kuban, M. E., Cantor, J. M., Blak, T.,…Klassen, P. E. (2009). Pedophilia, hebephilia, and the DSM-V. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 335–350. CrossRef
- DeClue, G. (2009). Should hebephilia be a mental disorder? A reply to Blanchard et al. (2008) [Letter to the Editor]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 317–318. CrossRef
- Frances, A. (2011, December 15). Hebephilia is a crime, not a mental disorder. Available at http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/blog/frances/content/article/10168/2006997.
- Franklin, K. (2009). The public policy implications of “hebephilia”: A response to Blanchard et al. (2008) [Letter to the Editor]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 319–320. CrossRef
- Freund, K., McKnight, C. K., Langevin, R., & Cibiri, S. (1972). The female child as a surrogate object. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2, 119–133. CrossRef
- Freund, K., Seeley, H. R., Marshall, W. E., & Glinfort, E. K. (1972). Sexual offenders needing special assessment and/or therapy. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Corrections, 14, 3–23.
- Glueck, B. C., Jr. (1955). Final report: Research project for the study and treatment of persons convicted of crimes involving sexual aberrations, June 1952 to June 1955. New York: New York State Department of Mental Hygiene.
- Hames, R., & Blanchard, R. (2012). Anthropological data regarding the adaptiveness of hebephilia [Letter to the Editor]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 745–747. CrossRef
- Herman-Giddens, M. E., Steffes, J., Harris, D., Slora, E., Hussey, M., Dowshen, S. A.,…Reiter, E. O. (2012). Secondary sexual characteristics in boys: Data from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings Network. Pediatrics, 130, e1058–e1068. CrossRef
- Janssen, D. F. (2009). Hebephilia plethysmographica: A partial rejoinder to Blanchard et al. (2008) [Letter to the Editor]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 321–322. CrossRef
- Lykins, A. D., Cantor, J. M., Kuban, M. E., Blak, T., Dickey, R., Klassen, P. E., & Blanchard, R. (2010). Sexual arousal to female children in gynephilic men. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 22, 279–289.
- Marshall, V. A., & Tanner, J. M. (1969). Variations in the pattern of pubertal changes in girls. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 44, 291–303. CrossRef
- Marshall, V. A., & Tanner, J. M. (1970). Variation in the pattern of pubertal changes in boys. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 45, 13–23. CrossRef
- Moser, C. (2009). When is an unusual sexual interest a mental disorder? [Letter to the Editor]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 323–325. CrossRef
- Rind, B., & Yuill, R. (2012). Hebephilia as mental disorder? A historical, cross-cultural, sociological, cross-species, non-clinical empirical, and evolutionary review. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 797–829. CrossRef
- Tanner, J. M. (1978). Foetus into man: Physical growth from conception to maturity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Tromovitch, T. (2009). Manufacturing mental disorder by pathologizing erotic age orientation: A comment on Blanchard et al. (2008) [Letter to the Editor]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 328. CrossRef
- World Health Organization. (1992). International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (10th rev., Vol. 1). Geneva, Switzerland: Author.
- A Dissenting Opinion on DSM-5 Pedophilic Disorder
Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume 42, Issue 5 , pp 675-678
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Ray Blanchard (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8, Canada